16: Shivaji Maharaj sets up an efficient Administration

Question 1. Fill in the blanks

(a) Shivaji Maharaj built a strong forts like Sindhudurg and Vijaydurg along the sea coast.
(Jinji, Vijaydurg, Vasai)

(b) The chief of army intelligence and espionage was Bahirji Naik.
(Bahirji Naik, Baji Prabhu, Tanaji Malusare)

Question 2. Match the pairs.

(a) Moro Trimbak Pingle                         (2) Administration

(b) Hambirrao Mohite                             (1) Defence

(c) Niraji Rawaji                                        (4) Justice

Question 3. Answer in one sentence.

(a) What were the main divisions of Shivaji’s army ?

Ans. The main divisions of Shivaji’s army were the infantry and the cavalry.

(b) What was the Commander-in-chief of infantry known as ?

Ans. The Commander-in-chief of infantry known as Sarnobat.

(c) On the sea, who were the enemies of Shivaji Maharaj ?

Ans. On the sea the enemies of Shivaji Maharaj were the Siddis, Portuguese and the English.

(d) How many Subhas were there in Swaraj ?

Ans. There were twelve Subhas in the Swaraj.

Question 4. Give the answers in two to three sentences.

(a) What strict orders were given by Shivaji to his soldiers ?

Ans. Strict orders were given by Shivaji Maharaj to his soldiers not to:
(i) drink alcohol
(ii) harass the subjects
(iii) loot the subjects.

(b) Why did Shivaji raise the navy ?

Ans. Shivaji Maharaj raised the navy to meet the threat from the sea by :
(i) Siddis
(ii) Portuguese and
(iii) English.

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