UPSC | National Defence Academy (NDA) | English | Exam II 2019

PART-A

Synonyms

Directions : Each item in this section consists of a sentence with an underlined word followed by four options. Select the option that is nearest in meaning to the underlined word and mark your response in your Answer Sheet accordingly.

1. He is always anxious.
(a) worried
(b) dispassionate
(c)  sluggish
(d) torpid

2. The poems of Kabir are ecstatic in nature.
(a) efficacious
(b) eerie
(c) rapturous
(d) reverential

3. Ravi loves seclusion. Therefore, he lives in the mountains.
(a) nature
(b) scripture
(c) seafaring
(d) solitariness

4. Hitler was a despot.
(a) conservative
(b) dictator
(c) passionate
(d) monstrous

5. The imagery used in the poem is vivid.
(a) lively
(b) inert
(c) ebullient
(d) caustic

6. A human being is always vulnerable to other human beings.
(a) resilient
(b) elastic
(c) defenceless
(d) crude

7. His language is political and vitriolic
(a) imaginative
(b) sprightly
(c) vivacious
(d) abusive

8. The Managing Director of the company declared that he is broke and there is a need to seek support from the government.
(a) bankrupt
(b) rich
(c) making profit,
(d) having liabilities

9. He loves doing nasty things.
(a) nice
(b) fastidious
(c) foul
(d) finicky

10. He could not muster courage to speak the truth before his friend. (d)
(a) injure
(b) spoil
(c) gather
(d) maim

11. His conversations are always absurd.
(a) farcical
(b) foolish
(c) preposterous
(d) rational

12. The politician was a dissident.
(a) agitator
(b) rebel
(c) conformist
(d) revolutionary

13. He wrote an incisive article on corruption in politics.
(a) vague
(b) penetrating
(c) trenchant
(d) precise

14. Rakesh is an eccentric prodigal.
(a) extravagant
(b) profligate
(c) wasteful
(d) thrifty

15. Friendship is always reciprocal.
(a) mutual
(b) one-sided
(c) shared
(d) corresponding

16. The debate was highly stimulating.
(a) arousing
(b) invigorating
(c) boring ·
(d) stirring

17. Malaria is a widespread disease.
(a) endemic
(b) pervasive
(c) common
(d ) rare

18. The bill received a vehement resistance from
the opposition party in the Parliament.
(a) animated
(b) apathetic
(c) fervent
(d) vigorous

19. He has been obstinate since his childhood.
(a) stubborn
(b) dogged
(c) amenable
(d) rigid

2. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most prominent leaders of his times.
(a) renowned
(b) distinguishable
(c) eminent
(d) unknown

Spotting Errors

Directions :Each item in: this section has a sentence with three underlined parts labelled (a), (b) and (c). Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in any underlined part and indicate your response in the Answer Sheet against the corresponding letter i.e., (a) or (b) or (c). !(you find no error, your response should be indicated as (d).

21. nda-1

22.nda-22

23. nda-23

24. nda-24

25. nda-25

26. nda-26

27. nda-27

28. nda-28

29. nda-29

30. nda-30

Idioms and Phrases

Directions: Given below are some idioms/phrases followed by four alternative meanings to each. Choose the response (a), (b), (c) or (d) which is the most appropriate expression.

31. Be over the hill
(a) To be on a mountain-top
(b) To travel in the jungle
(c) To be too old to do things
(d) To do something in the most complete way

32. Bite your tongue
(a) To stop yourself from saying something because it would be better not to
(b) To bite off your tongue while eating
(c) To feel sorry
(d) To ask someone something that you want

33. Turn a blind eye
(a) To run away
(b) To begin to behave in a more positive manner
(c) To change a situation
(d) To choose to ignore behaviour that you know is wrong

34. Yellow journalism
(a) Paid storytelling
(b) Government reports published on yellow coloured papers
(c) Writings in. newspapers that try to influence people’s opinion by using strong language and false information
(d) Journalism · which agrees completely with the policies of the governments and capitalists

35. To be in seventh heaven
(a) To fly in the air
(b) To be extremely happy
(c) To be completely alone
(d) To visit a place which is in the list of the seven wonders of the world

Ordering of words in a sentence

Directions : Each of the following items in this section consists of a sentence, the parts of which have been jumbled. These parts have been labelled P, Q, R and S. Given below each sentence are four sequences namely (a), (b), (c) and (d). You are required to re-arrange the jumbled parts of the sentence and mark your response accordingly.

36. nda-36

(a) R Q S P
(b) S P Q R
(c) S P R Q
(d) P R S Q

37. nda-37

(a) R Q P S
(b) SQ PR
(c) Q P SR
(d) R P SQ

38. nda-38

(a) R Q S P
(b) Q S R. P
(c) Q R S P
(d) P R S Q

39. nda-39

(a) R S P Q
(b) Q S P R
(c) Q R P S
(d) P S Q R

40. nda-40

(a) R  S  Q P
(b) P Q S R
(c) Q R P S
(d) S P Q R

Comprehension

Directions : In this section you have a short passage. After the passage, you will find some items based on  the passage. First read the passage and then answer the items based on it. You are required to select your answers based on the contents of the passage and opinion of the author only.

Studies serve for delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief u s,e for delight, is in privateness and retiring; for ornament, is in discourse; and for ability, is in the judgment, and disposition of business. For expert men can execute, and perhaps judge of particulars, one by one; but the general counsels, and the plots and marshalling of affairs, come best from those that are learned. To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar. They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning, by study; and studies themselves do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. Crafty men condemn studies, simple men admire them and wise men use them; for they teach not t heir own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation. Read not to contradict and confute; nor to believe and take for granted; nor to find talk and discourse; but to weigh and consider.

41. According to the author, why should one study?
(a) To gather information about the world
(b) To pass the time in a creative way
(c) For pleasure, enhanced capability and holistic growth
(d ) To become only worldly wise

42. Why does the author not recommend too much of studies?
(a) Because it reflects idleness
(b ) Because it requires too much money
(c) Because it is dangerous for the health of the mind
(d ) Because it makes men crafty

43. According to the author, how can the studies be perfected ?
(a) By reflection
(b) By application
(c) By conversation
(d) By experience

44. Which kind of human beings denounce studies ?
(a) Innocent
(b) Cunning
(c) Stupid
(d ) Wise

45. According to the author, one should read to
(a) only argue
(b) only believe
(c) evaluate and understand
(d) preach and believe

Fill in the blank

Directions : Each of the following sentences in this section has a blank space and four words or group of words given after the sentence. Select the word or group of words you consider most appropriate for the blank space and indicate your response on the Answer Sheet accordingly.

46. The Election Commission on Saturday _ _ _ _ _ that the Assembly elections in five States will be held from November 12 to December 7.
(a) pronounced
(b) announced
(c) promulgated
(d) issued

47. The victim s were fruit vendors and they were going in an auto when they _ _ _ _ an accident on the way.
(a) met with
(b) ran into
(c) experienced
(d) heard

48. Scores of villagers are _ _ _ _ a sit-in protest against the construction of a new underpass.
(a) performing
(b) sitting
(c) staging
(d) standing

49. It is common for patients to stop _ _ __ medicine as soon as they start feeling better.
(a) eating
(b) gulping
(c) swallowing
(d) taking

50. A four-year-old girl got a new lease of life after doctors at a hospital a _ _ __ cancerous tumour from one of her kidneys.
(a) rejuvenated
(b) removed
(c) displaced
(d) replaced

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