1. Fill in the blanks choosing the correct option.
(a) Shahaji Raje was a scholar of ………. . (Sanskrit, Kannad, Tamil)
(b) People living in the Maval region were called ………. . (peasants, soldiers, Mavlas)
(a) Shahaji Raje was a scholar of Sanskrit. (Sanskrit, Kannad, Tamil)
(b) People living in the Maval region were called Mavlas. (peasants, soldiers, Mavlas)
2. Write the answer in one sentence.
(a) Who appointed teachers for Shivaji and where ?
Ans. Shahaji Raje appointed teachers for Shivaji at Bangalore.
(b) What did the teachers begin to teach Shivaji ?
Ans. The eminent teachers taught Shivaji many sciences, branches of learning and languages.
(c) Why did Dadaji Konddev give concession in land tax to peasants ?
Ans. Dadaji Konddev gave concession in land tax to peasants so as to encourage the peasants to till their lands.
3. Give the answer in two or three sentences.
(a) How was Pune rejuvenated ?
Ans. i) When Jijabai returned to Pune with Shivaji, she reassured the people that they would be safe in Pune.
ii) Therefore people started settling in Pune, cultivating their lands.
iii) Jijabai repaired the dilapidated temples and thus the town was again throbbing with activities.
(b) What knowledge did Shivaji acquire ?
Ans. i) Shivaji acquired the knowledge of excellent administration.
ii) He gained the knowledge of war tactics, fort architecture, selection of horses and elephants, ways of escaping from difficult enemy territories and many other things.
(c) What had Jijabai resolved ?
Ans. i) Jijabai after father’s murder in the open court at the instigation of Nizamshah had resolved that, her son Shivaji would never be engaged in the services of others.
ii) She wanted Shivaji to establish the rule of his own people through Swaraj.