Tenses | Grammar | English

The blog gives a detail explanation of the different types of tenses, their definitions, when each has to be used with respective examples. Besides this, it also explains the clear differences between the tenses in a tabular form with 5 different verb examples.

Tenses: Tenses are forms of verb that show the time, continuity or completion of any
action or a state.
Classification and types of tenses :

1. Present tense

a. Simple present tense
b. Present continuous tense
c. Present perfect tense
d. Present perfect continuous tense

2. Past tense

a. Simple past tense
b. Past continuous tense
c. Past perfect tense
d. Past perfect continuous tense

3. Future tense

a. Simple future tense
b. Future continuous tense
c. Future perfect tense
d. Future perfect continuous tense

1. Present tense :

a. Simple present tense :
i. to show a simple, common, routine action. example : I read newspaper everyday.

ii. to state some fact or wellknown truth. example : The truth always wins at last.

iii. to express a future event. example : Our tournament begins next week.

b. Present continuous tense :

i. to describe an action that is going on at the time of speaking. example : Iam reading the newspaper.

ii. to express an action that is certainly going to happen in near future. example : We are going for vacation next month.

c. Present perfect tense :

i. to show an action that has been just completed. example : I have played the tournament.

ii. to tell about an action which started in some point of time in the past and is still
continuing. example : I have lived in Mumbai since seven years.

d. Present perfect continuous tense :

i. used to show an action which started in the past but is still continuing. example : The cadets have been working hard to win the challenge.

2. Past tense

a. Simple past tense : used to talk about an action done in the past or an action that
is completed
John played football everyday.
The principle punished the boys.

b. Past continuous tense : used to show an action that began in the past and was
also completed in the past.
She was preparing for her entrance exams last year.
The farmer was hiding behind the tree.

c. Past perfect tense : used to denote an action that was completed in past before
another action began.
The train had left the station.
The farmer had nished his dinner.

d. Past perfect continuous tense : used to express an action that had been going for
sometime in the past.
The farmer had been working in his farm.
The teacher had been teaching grammar.

3. Future tense

a. Simple future tense : used to talk events that will take place or going to happen.
I will join the school next week.
I will study from next monday.

b. Future continuous tense : used to tell about an event that will continue in near
future.
I will be going to my school from next monday.
I will be farming next season too.

c. Future perfect tense : used to talk about an event that will be completed in the future.
I will have completed my studies in three years.
I will have earned in two years.

d. Future perfect continuous tense : used to express an action which will continue in
the future for sometime.
I will have been completing my music course, when I reach class 10.
I will have been earning hundred thousand rupees when I retire.

Tenses with verb write :

Tenses with verb eat :

Tenses with verb dance :

Tenses with verb play :

Tenses with verb read :

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