1.3 On Wings of Courage | English Grammar | Class 10

The blog presents the Grammar question and answers of the 1.3 On Wings of Courage, narrating the life of Air Force Marshal Arjan Singh, from Kumarbharati of Class 10.

Warming up !

Q2. Homophones/ Homographs :
(A) Make sentences to bring out the difference between :

1. (a) wear : The students must wear clean uniform everyday.
(b) ware : The peasant has a good collection of ware in his shop.

2. (a) here : I had kept my book here.
(b) hear : The old farmer could not hear clearly in the crowd.

3. (a) there : He was there for sometime after school.
(b) their : This is their new imported car.

4. (a) cell : The criminal with severe crime is kept in isolated cell.
(b) sell : The farmer wanted to sell his produce before the weekend.

Q2. (B) Write what the underlined Homographs in the following sentences mean.

1. (a) A bear is an omnivorous animal. : a large hairy animal
(b) She could not bear the injustice. : to tolerate

2. (a) A bat is the only bird which is a mammal. : a mammal that can fly
(b) His bat broke as it struck the ball. : a wooden tool used in circket to hit a ball

3. (a) He had to pay a fine for breaking the traffic signal. : penalty
(b) Use a fine cloth for the baby’s clothes. : soft and delicate

4. (a) We enjoyed a lot at the temple fair. : a public gathering with lots of stalls and amusements for children
(b) She has a fair complexion. : light-skinned

Q5. Replace the underlined words/phrases with the appropriate ones, to retain the proper meaning.
(be the epitome of, gear up, a brief stint, play a major role, in recognition of, take over reins)

1. He contributed notably in bringing up the school.
Ans. He play a major role in bringing up the school.

2. Our school cricket team got ready for the final match against P. Q. R. High
School.
Ans. Our school cricket team geared up for the final match against P. Q. R. High School.

3. After a short period of working as a lecturer, Ravi took up an important post in a multi-national company.
Ans. After a brief stint as a lecturer, Ravi took up an important post in a multi-national company.

4. Our class monitor is a perfect symbol of duty and discipline.
Ans. Our class monitor is the epitome of duty and discipline.

5. Accepting the great value of his research; they awarded him with a Ph.d. (degree).
Ans. In recognition of of his research; they awarded him with a Ph.d. (de-
gree).

6. After the murder of King Duncan, Macbeth took over the control of Scotland.
Ans. After the murder of King Duncan, Macbeth take over reins of Scotland.

Q7. (A) State the different meanings of the following pairs of Homophones and make sentences of your own with each of them.

Q7. (B) The following Homographs have the same spelling and pronunciation; but can have different meanings. Make sentences of your own to show the difference.

1. firm :
(a) My uncle has his won law firm.
(b) We should be firm with our principles in life.

2. train :
(a) I had to book the early morning train to Delhi.
(b) The coach had a tough time to train the boys.

3. type :
(a) The boy had to search every key to type on his computer.
(b) Strawberries require a particular type of climate for its growth.

4. post :
(a) Many candidates wanted to apply for the job post.
(b) The farmer asked the boy to kindly post the letter.

5. current :
(a) The river has high water current during monsoon.
(b) Students need to be updated with current affairs.

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